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Natural Sciences

GSB 113 Human Biology for Non-Education Students (3 Credits)

A course designed to provide an understanding of the principles of human biology for non-science students. Topics covered include: biochemistry, cell structure and function, cellular reproduction, digestion, nutrition, circulation, excretion, metabolism, hormonal control, the nervous system, reproduction and heredity.

Prerequisite:

GSS 104 History of Science (also offered as GHS 104) (4 Credits)

This course examines the role of science in the development of Western Civilization from its beginning as an area of astrological inquiry and speculation to its extraordinary impact on twentieth-century life.

Prerequisite:

GSS 105 Survey of Natural History (4 Credits)

Study of the general structural features of different groups of organisms to emphasize the diversity of life. Ecological aspects include the interrelationship between the organism, populations, and communities, and their environment. Includes at least one trip to the Museum of Natural History.

Prerequisite:

GSS 108 Ethics and Life Sciences (also offered as GPH 108) (4 Credits)

Genetic manipulation, cloning, abortion, euthanasia, behavior modification, the practice of behavior control upon groups, and other ethical issues are considered from the scientific and moral points of view.

Prerequisite:

GSS 109 Physical Geology (4 Credits)

Basic principles of physical and historical geology, with emphasis on the following topics: volcanoes, earthquakes, land-slides, deformation of the earth's crust, continental drift and plate tectonics, extinction (e.g. the dinosaurs). Includes at least one fossil-collecting field trip to upstate New York, and other trips in the metropolitan area.

Prerequisite:

GSS 215 Life and Health Science (3 Credits)

An introduction to life and health for non-science majors. This course introduces the concepts of health and disease. Topics include stress and emotional health, physical fitness, diet and nutrition, weight management, sexual health and communicable diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, drugs, alcohol and tobacco, injury prevention, environmental health, geriatric health, and health care in America.

Prerequisite:

GSS 216 Life and Health Project (1 Credits)

Individual student projects are completed in conjunction with GSS 215.

Prerequisite: Co-requisite: GSS 215.

GSS 246 Nutrition and Human Development (3 Credits)

This course offers a specialized review of the principles of sound nutrition and the effects of diet on personal well-being. Environmental, social, physical, and psychological reasons underlying poor diet are examined.

Prerequisite:

GSS 350 Nutritional Therapies (3 Credits)

This course analyzes the basis for diet therapy and the nutritional care of the individual who requires altered nutritional needs. Emphasis is on the role of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease.

Prerequisite: GSS 246.

GSS 400 Topics in Science (1-4 Credits)

Study of selected topics in science.

Prerequisite:

GSS 481-482 Independent Study (By Arrangement Credits)

Prerequisite: Prerequisite: Departmental and Dean's permission.

GSB 101 Principles of Biology I / Lab (4 Credits)

A two-semester course in general biology involving the study of morphology, anatomy, physiology, and embryology of the Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia to provide the students with an adequate background of the various life processes (lecture & laboratory). Not open to students who have taken GSB 111.

Prerequisite: GSS 100 or exemption and departmental approval.

GSB 111 Human Biology for Non-Majors (also offered as BIO 111*) (4 Credits)

A course designed to provide an understanding of the principles of human biology for the non-science student. Topics covered include: biochemistry, cell structure and function, cellular reproduction, digestion, nutrition, circulation, excretion, metabolism, hormonal control, nervous system, reproduction and inheritance. Laboratory exercises on topics discussed in lectures are included. Not open to students who have taken GSB 101.

Prerequisite:

GSB 117 Human Anatomy and Physiology I / Lab (4 Credits)

This course is designed for pre-professional students (i.e., OTA, PTA and Medical Coding) as an introduction to a basic understanding of the structural organization of the human body starting with the tissues, integumentary, skeletal, muscular, digestive and nervous systems. The course will focus on the cellular organization and on the tissue and organ level of each system. In laboratory exercises, students study and learn structures from various available anatomical models. Not for science majors.

Prerequisite:

GSB 118 Human Anatomy and Physiology II / Lab (4 Credits)

his is the second of the two courses offered to pre-professional students. The course focuses on the organization of the cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic, endocrine, urinary and reproductive systems. Class discussions deal with the basic cellular, tissue level and organ level organization of each system. Functional significances as well as clinical correlations of some structures are also covered. Special focus will be on fertilization and reproduction, pregnancy and lactation, coronary and cerebrovascular circulation. Laboratory exercises include studying structures from available anatomical models. Not for science majors. *See bulletin of the Lander Colleges of Arts and Sciences.

Prerequisite: Prerequisite: GSB 117.

GSB 206 Cellular Physiology (3 Credits)

Structure and function of the cell and its organelles. Topics include membrane structure and function, organelle functions, signal transduction, cell cycle and cancer.

Prerequisite: GSB 101-102

GSB 211 Genetics / Lab (4 Credits)

Basic laws of heredity and their physical basis (Classical Genetics); structure and function of the gene (Molecular Genetics); and population genetics with some attention to human genetic abnormalities. The laboratory work familiarizes the student with basic techniques in genetic research including making crosses, analysis of data, recombinant DNA technology and problem solving. (Lecture and laboratory course.)

Prerequisite: GSB 101-102

GSB 222 Anatomy and Physiology I / Lab (4 Credits)

A two-semester course involving the study of the anatomy of the human body, cells, tissues, organs and organ systems, and physiological principles which govern human functions (lecture and laboratory).

Prerequisite: GSB 102.

GSB 228 Microbiology / Lab (4 Credits)

Prevention and control of disease and the basic principles of microbiology as applied to personal and community hygiene (lecture and laboratory sessions).

Prerequisite: Prerequisite: GSB 102.

GSB 302 Immunology (3 Credits)

This course covers molecular and cellular immunology, including antigen and antibody structure and function, effector mechanisms, complement, major histocompatibility complexes, B- and T-cell receptors, antibody formation and immunity, cytotoxic responses, and regulation of the immune response. Special topics include immunosuppression, immunotherapy, autoimmunity and vaccination.

Prerequisite: GSB 101-102

GSB 304 Endocrinology (3 Credits)

This course is designed to study the interactive physiology of mammals, with emphasis of the human organism, as regulated by the endocrine system. It will cover the following areas: (1) cellular endocrinology, including hormonereceptor interactions, second messenger systems, and hormonal synthesis; (2) systemic endocrinology, including regulation of body metabolism and homeostasis, and reproductive endocrinology; (3) new trends in molecular endocrinology; (4) disease states due to endocrine malfunction.

Prerequisite: GSB 101-102

GSB 318 Cellular and Molecular Biology / Lab (4 Credits)

The main focus of this course is regulation of gene expression. It integrates advanced biotechnology, cell biology and genetics. The laboratory consists of experiments designed to support concepts presented in lecture.

Prerequisite: GSB 101-102

GSB 493 Research Topics in Biology (3 Credits)

Requires the preparation of a Senior Research Thesis based on the performance of a comprehensive literature search and critical review of a topic selected by the student and the instructor. An oral presentation, in the format of national scientific society meetings, is required in addition to the written document. Evaluation will be based on ability to retrieve information from the scientific literature, critical analysis of original research papers, quality of the oral presentation, and demonstration of skills learned in the biology courses taken.

Prerequisite: Prerequisite or Corequisite: 4 elective GSB courses and Senior status. Requires department permission to register.

GSB 494 Senior Honors Project in Biology (3 Credits)

Student must perform original research in an ongoing research project. The student is required to present a documented rational for the conduction of the research project, report the results obtained, critique the experimental design and prepare a proposal stating how they would continue the research beyond the current experiments.

Prerequisite: GSB 493. Requires suitable arrangement with a lab and departmental permission to register.

GSC 101 General Chemistry I / Lab (4 Credits)

Topics include classification and states of matter, atomic structure, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, and thermochemistry. Problem-solving is an integral part of the course.

Prerequisite: or co-requisite: GSM 134

GSC 102 General Chemistry II / Lab (4 Credits)

Topics include properties of solutions, thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium, rates of chemical reactions, acid base equilibria, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry.

Prerequisite: GSC 101

GSC 201 Principles of Organic Chemistry I / Lab (4 Credits)

Topics covered include reactions, synthetic procedures, and methods for differentiation and identification. Mechanisms of reactions, stereochemistry, and spectroscopy are emphasized. Details of the characteristics of aliphatic and aromatic compounds with different functional groups are stressed. Laboratory work with the methodology involved in synthetic and analytic procedures.

Prerequisite: GSC 102.

GSC 231 Organic Chemistry for Non-Majors (4 Credits)

Fundamentals of organic chemistry are studied by stressing functional groups. The chemistry of biologically important molecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids is discussed. Basic techniques of separation and purification of the organic laboratory such as crystallization, distillation, extraction, and chromatography are introduced. Synthetic tools are also utilized.

Prerequisite: GSC 230

GSC 311 Biochemistry (3 Credits)

Emphasis on the chemical descriptions of the basic biological systems such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Aspects dealt with are structure, metabolism, functions in the cell, and control mechanisms.

Prerequisite: GSC 201

GSP 101 General Physics I / Lab (4 Credits)

This two-semester course is designed for the non-physics major and covers relativity and nuclear, atomic, and molecular structure; classical mechanics; heat, electricity, magnetism, and light. The approach is generally quantitative, but does not require calculus. Laboratory experiments illustrate and test the fundamental laws and the reliability of results.

Prerequisite: GSM 134.

GSP 151 The Physical Universe (3 Credits)

This course aims to provide non-science majors with a conceptual understanding of physics. Students learn the basic principle of Newtonian physics and how it is applied to real-world phenomena. An emphasis on the areas of mechanics and wave phenomena with applications to sound and light.

Prerequisite: GSM 130.

GSB 303 Histology (4 Credits)

A study of the structure and function of normal human and animal cells, tissues, and organs. Laboratory studies include microscopic examination of prepared slides and electron micrographs.

Prerequisite: GSB 102

GSB 223 Anatomy and Physiology II / Lab (4 Credits)

A two-semester course involving the study of the anatomy of the human body, cells, tissues, organs and organ systems, and physiological principles which govern human functions (lecture and laboratory).

Prerequisite: GSB 102.

GSB 102 Principles of Biology II / Lab (4 Credits)

A two-semester course in general biology involving the study of morphology, anatomy, physiology, and embryology of the Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia to provide the students with an adequate background of the various life processes (lecture & laboratory). Not open to students who have taken GSB 111.

Prerequisite: GSS 100 or exemption and departmental approval.

GSC 202 Principles of Organic Chemistry II / Lab (4 Credits)

Topics covered include reactions, synthetic procedures, and methods for differentiation and identification. Mechanisms of reactions, stereochemistry, and spectroscopy are emphasized. Details of the characteristics of aliphatic and aromatic compounds with different functional groups are stressed. Laboratory work with the methodology involved in synthetic and analytic procedures.

Prerequisite: GSC 102.

GSP 102 General Physics II / Lab (4 Credits)

This two-semester course is designed for the non-physics major and covers relativity and nuclear, atomic, and molecular structure; classical mechanics; heat, electricity, magnetism, and light. The approach is generally quantitative, but does not require calculus. Laboratory experiments illustrate and test the fundamental laws and the reliability of results.

Prerequisite: GSM 134.

Laboratory Science: Biology
Laboratory Science: Chemistry and Physics